Research Article: Language and genders in Baloch Society


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Language and genders in Baloch Society

The research work finds use of language of both genders in the Baloch society with respect to the culture and society. Observations have been declared within the Turbat city, particularly, in University of Turbat (UoT) which provided a free society for the genders. The use of language is more frequently concerned with the nation and the taste of the language that nation or the society speak.

Every country in the world has a specified language which is often used for communication in most part of its regions, some of the countries have more than a single language being used for the purpose to talk. However, Language; is a source to share thoughts, feelings and ideas either verbally or nonverbally within societies. The language, in each state and sometimes within the society, has great differences for women and men. Those contradict uses of language are mainly caused by the society. Scholars have inquired,
“The disparities between men and women language use by looking at the differences created by society.” (Alhourani, 2021, Alsaraireh, Singh & Hajimia, 2020, Alsaraireh & Dubey, 2020, Charernnit, 2020).
The same psyche of the use of language is applied for Baloch society as well. The specific creation of the language starts from the very beginning of the life of both genders and later turn to remain a language gap in-between. To this, Dr Mohammad Abdaigem adds,
“A transition in their ways of language use maybe detected from early childhood to adulthood.” (Abdaigem, 2021).
In fact, some causes for different use of language in Baloch society happen because of societal restriction. At the end, they keep varying from generation to generation till the tradition is brought to an end knowingly.

Literature Review:
Gender and language is a wide discussed topic by many of the scholars, authors and researchers. Language differences occur because, Dilek Buyukahisk in her work ‘Gender and Language’ adds, “Males and females babies have traditionally been treated differently from the time they are born.” (Buyukahsk). As a result their use of language do not match. In support to the argued difference, the author of Men are from Mars and Women are from Venus, Gray adds, “Women love to talk, whereas men prefer action to words, women view talking a way of connecting with others emotionally, whereas men treat conversation either as a practical tool or competition.” (Gray, 1992). It defines the more language is used by the women and on every occasion in order to build a relation, however, it can be negated as per the role of women in accordance with the culture she lives. Dr Mohammad Abdaigem adds in his work ‘Gendered Language: A Study of Sociolinguistic Theories and Approaches’ says, “Men and women have different cultures; ‘subcultures’ is a proper term for the cultural variations that contribute to their distinct characteristic.” (Abdaigem, 2021).

What is gender? How is it different than the sex? These still remain illusions for many of the scholars and gender vs sex researchers. And many differentiate it through physical and biological organisms. Giddens, British based Sociologist defines both terms in one statement, “Sex is biological or anatomical difference between male and female, whereas gender concerns the psychological, social, and cultural differences between males and females.” (Giddens, 1989). So as the language between them takes birth according to the difference they have genetically or have been given culturally from their birth. Language; is a source to share thoughts, feelings and ideas either verbally or nonverbally within societies. The use of language, in each state, sometimes within the society, has great differences for women and men. Those contradict uses of language are mainly caused by the society. According to scholars “The disparities between men and women language use by looking at the differences created by society.” (Alhourani, 2021, Alsaraireh, Singh & Hajimia, 2020, Alsaraireh & Dubey, 2020, Charernnit, 2020).
Looking towards the use of language in the Baloch society, one can easily sum it up by saying that Baloch society had no distinction between the genders from ancient times while using language. Later with advancement and religious effects, they too stepped, on one way, too much backward and, on the other way, in the race of development. These have been truly the causes of change in the use of language by both concerned genders in the society. Nevertheless, there exists so many other factors behind the change in language use as the genders have not been living on their own sovereignty from the beginning of their life, neither can experience full sovereignty, though living in a so-called state. This has brought a great change in the use of language of both genders as in a house of another family, one feels it hard to express himself/herself.

1)Cultural diversity in the language of both genders:

With the advancement of the world, cultures are adopting new shapes. The adoption of new cultures are diversifying the nation in many ways; one important change is diversified language. The observation has found that women in the Baloch society have been influenced more in regards of mixing Balochi language either with Urdu or English than men. This reflects the loss of the essence of the language as “Language based on culture is one of the most important and history making and a tool for transmitting experiences, knowledges, human intelligence and a vase for saving thoughts of previous generation and ancestors’ culture.” (Falk, 1994). People often fall in the tradition of learning a new language, because it becomes important as the language they try to learn is either needed for the job or a source to comfort him/her in the visits he/she might have in other states. The English phrases, with the sense of Balochi are likely to be used, “Listen” mostly by a females, in fact, same gender without being diversified culturally says “Pullo” (Pullo: a local word) or calls out the name. Culture diversification happens when one is more in touched with other cultures, TV is a vast area for the change in culture so as the change in the vocabularies. Another phrase “You know” is more frequently used by the females, because they are more focused with TV dramas than boys in Baloch society. In contrast to the genders, boys are more used to speak memetic language in their reactions. They, most of the time, remain silenced and do not narrate anything useless until and unless a joke is passed by a friend. Baloch boys mostly bring funny words or moments from other culture and languages, not for a longer time than a week.

2)Societal change and the change in language of both genders:

It is often found that women are having a lower language in their houses if they are oppressed as being women. The change in society of women automatically leads them to be open-minded. Observations have found words, publically have never been heard before, but with the change in society, whether due to education or a travel, a woman could confidently narrate a slang word like “Chars”. Chars is a type of drug mostly used in mixture with tobacco. As per scholars, “Disparities in the language of both gender is created by the society.” Change of society plays an important role for the change in the use of language. The word “Chars” could never come in the lips of the female if she was sitting with her family members. An independent society breaks chains or restriction of a formal and man created language for a women, in contrast, for the men every society remains suitable to utter such words within the Baloch society.
Another female student may have not pronounced the word “Aday” in a full class of boys and girls. Her mind had absorbed lingual freeness because of an understandable environment where, the word mentioned is used by males for males, she boundlessly spoke for a male. Thomas Hardy nicely says, “It is difficult for a woman to define her feelings in language which is chiefly made by men to express theirs.” (HARDY, 1874). The female had not been in the men made language at this very duration as a result she faced no obstacle while pronouncing the word her heart already expressed.

Gender matters not while speaking in any language, it is the matter how society perceives the method of speaking. There is no any work, neither in written, nor in oral transmission that distinguishes the use of language of both genders, particularly, to differ from one another. Society and the culture brings ultimate obstacles or boundaries for female in order to stop her speaking of her own in recent times. The policy, no one knows, why has been created that stopped females to express their feelings, while males have been in sovereignty and are still found in it in the Baloch society.

References List:
1)Alhourani, A. Q. (2021). Investigating the match and mismatch between students’ learning styles and teacher’s teaching styles in a Saudi School: A case Study. Journal of World Englishes and Educational Practices, 3(2), 10-20.

2)Alsaraireh, M. Y., & Dubey, O. (2020). Assessment of learning ability by online survey in students during the pandemic of COVID-19 and its influence on students with respect to Jordanian students. Psychology and Education, 57(9), 1713-1717.

3)Alsaraireh, M. Y., Singh, M. K. S., & Hajimia, H. (2020). Critical discourse analysis of gender representation of male and female characters in the animation movie, Frozen. Linguistica Antverpiensia, 104-121.

4)Charernnit, K. (2020). Educational and digital tools as factors of service quality increase in Thailand 4.0 era (the case of Suvarnabhumi Airport, Bangkok). In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 210, p. 22009). EDP Sciences.

5)AbdAlgane, M. (2021). Gendered Language: A Study of Sociolinguistic Theories and Approaches. The Asian ESP Journal, 7(3.1), 205.

6)Çakici, D. (2011). Gender and language. Manisa Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 9(2), 459-471.

7)Gray, J. (1992). Men are from Mars and Women are from Venus. HarperCollins

8)GIDDENS, A. (1989). Sociology. Cambridge: Polity Press.

9)Falk J., Linguistics and language, Khosro Gholamalizade translation, Astan Ghods Razavi (1994).

10)Hardy, T. (1874). Far from the Madding Crowd. Cornhill Magazine.